The easiest way to bring together references from all sources is to use bibliographic reference managing software. Some of the apps with free versions include Zotero, EndNote Basic and Mendeley. Trinity has a subscription to a more powerful version of EndNote than the free app.
These apps allow you to import records from multiple databases, library catalogues and to also manually enter citations, and save them as a database in one location. They can then put the citations into your document, in a reference style you specify.
The Library runs classes on using EndNote throughout the year. We support two versions - EndNote Online and EndNote Desktop.
EndNote Online is free for all members of Trinity to use. It is cloud-based, with a small plugin to install on your computer that enables it to be used directly with Microsoft Word.
EndNote Online is generally fine for short written documents but for more advanced assignments and theses, we recommend using EndNote Desktop. EndNote Online and Desktop can sync together, so you can use one and then move to the other, or use both together if needed.
EndNote Desktop is more powerful and is definitely recommended over the Online version for staff, postgraduates and undergraduates preparing long written projects. This app is installed on computers in Trinity’s computer rooms, and can be installed for free on computers owned by Trinity staff and students while they are members of College.
Improve your writing style using the Academic Phrasebank from the University of Manchester.
Know about common mistakes when referencing. Take a look at Trinity's resource pages on how to avoid plagiarism including the tutorial which is a pre-requisite for students.
The American Psychological Association (APA) style is based on the Harvard author/date system. When citing a work in a document the citation appears in brackets e.g. (Murphy, 2020) with the reference fully described in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the document.
The Schools of Education and Psychology use this style. The 7th edition is the latest edition and print copies can be found in the Library.
Explore the Links tab on this page to access tutorials and resources on this style.
For other styles take a look at our generic pages.
Purdue University (USA) Online Writing Lab (OWL) APA 7th support pages
Approx. 20 min. video explaining how to create a reference list using common format examples. Courtesy APA Style Videos by Sam
APA style is included in Endnote reference manager software. The Library provides you with free access to the desktop and online versions of the programme. See our Endnote pages on the library website for download options (Endnote desktop) and registration links for Endnote online as well as support materials (incl. videos). Once you rgister on campus for the online version you can subsequently access it anywhere using myendnoteweb.com or through Web of Science database login.
Endnote (for mac and pc) can be synced with Endnote online so that you can work from anywhere. The advantage is that you combine the fuller version of the program with cloud storage capabilities. Some students (e.g. undergraduates and some graduates on one or two year programmes) find the online version is sufficient for their needs. See here for a quick guide to using Endnote Online with APA style.
When deciding whether to opt for the software or to manually reference you should consider how confident you feel when using technology and also how much time you can spare to learn the program and deal with potential technical issues. The library offers training and you can contact me for support.
Take a look at resource pages from librarians in AUT university on using Endnote and APA. Useful workarounds may help you troubleshoot formatting problems with particular reference types.
A short guide on using Endnote online with APA style is available below.