Unboxing Open Scholarship is a programme of events advancing engagement and debate around what Open Scholarship means for the Trinity College Dublin community.
The rationale for developing a series of events exploring Open Scholarship is to:
|Date||Title||Approach||Number of Attendees|
|8th February & 23rd April 2019||Open Scholarship – Starting the Trinity Conversation!||Focus group sessions with TCD community that focused on what open scholarship is; asked how Trinity should engage with it; explored staff and student concerns regarding open scholarship and potential areas of opportunity TCD could explore. These events are utilised in part to inform the agenda of the taskforce and future events.||61|
|12th March 2019||‘Open Research – Take Back Control’ with Dr. Conor O’Carroll, SciPol||Dr. Conor O’Carroll provided a comprehensive introduction to key concepts and processes focusing primarily on Open Access to Publications; research culture as a barrier to embracing Open Scholarship and measures universities can introduce to incentivise researchers to embrace Open Scholarship. Listen to the event here!||45|
|26th April 2019||Curing the Pathologies of Academic Publishing with Prof. Mike Eisen||Prof. Eisen, a renowned Biology Professor at UC Berkeley & co-founder of the Public Library of Science (PLOS) spoke about disrupting research cultures. In conversation with the College Librarian and Archivist, he shared his views on the disadvantages of journals and offered his predictions for the future of academic publishing. The Wellcome Trust Institutional Strategic Support Fund supported this event.
View the event here!
|1st May 2019||'The Hidden World of Academic Publishing' - Screening of Paywall movie followed by Discussion||As part of Trinity Week 2019, a screening of the movie ‘Paywall: The Business of Scholarship’ was followed by an interactive audience-response to the film’s major findings by taskforce member Dr James Smith. Watch the movie here!||19|
|28th August 2019||Citizen Science Mapping Accessibility Event||As part of TCD's Postgraduate Orientation Week 2019, TCD Staff and Students came together to map the accessibility of various restaurants, hotels, bars, shops and parking spaces around the vicinity of TCD. Over 300 locations were mapped and in excess of 150 were rated using an App called AccessEarth which was developed by TCD Graduate Matt McCann. The data generated from this event will be shared at an upcoming workshop on September 11th.||120+|
|11th September 2019||Citizen Science & Open Scholarship Workshop||
This workshop focused on a practical example of the web-based Application 'Access Earth' that enables Citizen Science. The Access Earth team facilitated a presentation that covered the App's functionality, utility, as well as highlighting data that was generated during an accessibility mapping event on Aug 28th.
This was followed by a discussion on the utility, purpose,legal and ethical considerations regarding open data, as well as exploring what engaged research is, why it is important, how to source funding for citizen science enterprises like Access Earth, and ways to validate citizen science generated data.
|11th September 2019||Celebration of TCD Student Publications||TCD is host to over 25 student-led publications and titles covering a wide breadth of activity and disciplines. During this event, we learned more about the various publications, their history and research focus, their plans for the coming academic year and how their work continues to put research at the heart of Trinity College Dublin. We also learned more about the exciting new Student Open Access Project SOAPbox where College aims to work with student publications to fully integrate their work into the Open Research environment. The event began with an address from the Provost, followed by a speech from the Chair of Trinity Publications.||100|
|18th September||Symposium: Research Impact & Evaluation in an Open Scholarship Era||On September 18th, Trinity Long Room Hub was at full capacity for a thought-provoking informative symposium that dealt with the topic of research evaluation and impact within a research eco-system that is increasingly becoming more 'open'. The keynote was from Prof. Stephen Curry, Chair of the DORA Steering Committee and the symposium also included expert presentations and panel discussions.||120|
Closing the Loop
The publication of Plan S in September 2018 and the subsequent public consultation on its implementation guidance document in early 2019, provided a substantial number of responses from researchers, representative bodies, universities, publishers and libraries. The taskforce conducted some comparative analysis on data gathered during the unboxing open scholarship events to identify key issues raised during discussions. In figure 2, a word-cloud analyses of the discourse from our March and April focus group sessions provides a sense of the substantive issues.
The major themes that have arisen during the unboxing events series are:
Quality Assurance: necessity for the same scientific rigor in how publications are reviewed for quality purposes (including the importance of the peer-review process, fostering prestige in OA journals)
Resources: funding is required for appropriate infrastructure, training and people with expertise to assist with implementing Open Scholarship practices (inc. FAIR Data, data storage, informational repository for quality OA journals etc.)
Equity of Access: new forms of scholarly publishing and communication should not be exclusionary to researchers from any background on any basis (inc. Global South, underfunded disciplines etc.)
Incentivisation: research performing organisations (including universities & funders) need to implement policies that incentivise and promote practices which align with OS principles (inc. reviewing academic career frameworks, challenging research culture, FAIR data principles etc.)
These themes have guided the work of the taskforce; in order to understand concerns around incentivisation, the taskforce considered the approaches of other institutions to research assessment for the purposes of recruitment, promotions and tenure, most notably the Academic Career Framework and Promotions Processes of University College London. Researchers’ thoughts on the global Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) which seeks to improve the way scholarly research is valued, have been tabled at the University’s Research Committee. Furthermore, a ‘Cultures of Evaluation’ event is being arranged for September 2019, which will explore how we evaluate the quality of research and initiate a forum for discussion about this in TCD. Other planned events include a workshop on FAIR data principles; a Citizen Science themed event; a workshop on EU Copyright law and a panel event exploring the practicalities of Plan S.
The taskforce is currently engaging with TCD student journals and publications to identify how they can embrace OS, celebrate existing and future research, as well as increase the reach of student scholarship to a global audience.
At a time when there is increasing demand for measurement of research impact, there are also broader concerns about over-reliance on citation metrics for recruitment, promotion and research funding. How do we then incentivise open research behaviour in a system that rewards publishing in so-called ‘high impact’, often closed, journals? This symposium sought to answer this question, and more including:
Professor Stephen Curry, the Assistant Provost for Equality, Diversity and Inclusion at Imperial College London and the current Chair of the DORA Steering Committee provided an insightful thought-provoking keynote before a detailed presentation on TCD Research Assessment metrics was provided. This was followed by a funders' panel chaired by Dr. Graham Love, before a researchers' panel chaired by Dr. James Smith took to the stage to share their perspectives. Associate Dean of Research, Prof. Lorraine Leeson summarised very effectively the main conclusions arising from the event prior to its conclusion.
This event was kindly supported by the Wellcome Institutional Strategic Support Fund.
eLife is a non-profit organisation inspired by research funders and led by scientists. Their mission is to help researchers accelerate discovery by operating a platform for research communication that encourages and recognises the most responsible behaviours in science. eLife was founded in 2012 an since then has been pushing the boundaries of conventional research to innovative new methods of peer review, open source software and cultural change in academic. Whilst eLife is focused primarily on biomedical and life sciences, there are lessons all disciplines can take away from their engagement and initiatives in Open Scholarship which stand to benefit the wider research eco-system.
On September 24th, we were joined by eLife's Community Manager Kora Korzec who spoke about eLife's initiatives that aim to shift what is valued in research so that the basic paradigms of 'Publish or perish' give space to 'Share and shine' for the benefit of research and all involved in conducting and learning from it.
1st May 12:00pm-2:00pm, Robert Emmet Theatre, Arts Building.
A screening of the documentary ‘Paywall: The Business of Scholarship’ took place as part of Trinity Week's series of events exploring the theme 'Silence'. Dr. James Smith (Research Fellow, Department of Geography and Taskforce member) provided a reflection on the documentary's major findings before discussion opened to the audience.
26th April, 12:00pm-2:00pm, Paccar Theatre, Science Gallery Dublin.
Michael Eisen is a renowned Biology Professor at UC Berkeley and an Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He works primarily on flies, and his research encompasses evolution, development, genetics, genomics, chemical ecology and behaviour. He is a strong proponent of Open Access publishing and Open Scholarship, and a co-founder of the Public Library of Science (PLOS), a San Francisco based non-profit advocacy organisation and publisher dedicated to making the world’s scientific and medical literature freely available. Mike also recently became Editor-in-Chief of the prestigious Open Access Journal eLife.
Mike gave a talk about his background, of how research culture can be an obstacle to embracing Open Scholarship, his concerns regarding Publishers, as well as the context for establishing PLOS in the early 2000s. The Librarian and College Archivist Ms. Helen Shenton was then ‘In conversation’ with Mike before the event was opened to the audience for their questions.
23rd April, 1:00pm - 2:30pm, Studio 1, Science Gallery.
This session brought together the TCD community to identify where Trinity wants to be in the open scholarship landscape. What is or will be mandatory? Where will we lead? Where should we follow and how best should we support our research community? These questions and more were explored.
‘Why researchers should take responsibility for ensuring their work is of the highest quality and disseminated globally to the widest possible audience’ - Presentation by Dr Conor O’Carroll (SciPol)
In the first unboxing open scholarship event, participants were asked to consider what Open Scholarship means for our college community. A key concern raised at that event was of quality: how do we ensure that Open Access publications across disciplinary divides will receive the same rigorous attention currently in place. To address this, and the issue of how research culture can function as a barrier to embracing Open Scholarship, SciPol’s Dr. Conor O’Carroll facilitated an informative and engaging discussion. Conor is an internationally renowned expert in the development and implementation of national and European research and innovation policies and strategies. His current focus is on researcher career development and mobility in the context of Open Scholarship.